Saturday, August 15, 2015

Podiatry Mnemonics


Podiatry Mnemonics


Diabetic neuropathy types DPM:
Distal, symmetric, polyneuropathy
Proximal diabetic neuropathy
Mononeuritis muliplex
TIA: internal carotid vs. vertebrobasilar MD vs. DPM
· Internal carotid:
Monocular blindness (amaurox fugax)
Dominant hemisphere (apahsia)
· The weakness or numbness is still less in the legs.
· Vetebrobasilar:
Diplopia/ Double blindness
Paralysis (quadriplesia)
Motor weakness (ipsilateral)
· Ataxia is characteristic in veterbrobasilar lesions.


Coritcal vs. subcortical brain disease "MD vs. DPM":
· Coritcal brain:
Memory
Discrimination (2 point)
· Subcortical brain:
Devoid of seizure
Primary sensation through thalamus
Movement disorders (most)
· Lower extremities manifestations are characteristic of the subcortical brain
lesions.


Proprioception and stereognosis deficits: causes D.P.M.:
Tabes Dorsalis
Pernicious anemia
Mutiple sclerosis


Skeletal disease: differential diagnosis VITAMIN:
Vascular disease
Infection
Tumor
Arthritis
Metabolic bone disease
Injury
Neurodevelopmental disorders


Peripheral vascular diseases ABCDEF:
Atherosclerosis.
Buerger's disease (TAO)
Cyanosis/ Cold agglutinin/ Connective tissue disease (Raynaud's
phenomenon)
Deep vein phlebothrombosis
Embolism
inFlammation of veins


Blue toe (microembolic toe) CAVEMAN:
Cholesterol embolizations
Atrial fib with electricity or digitoxin
Valvular problems
Endocarditis
Mural thrimbosis
Aneurysm/ AV fistula
Nothing


White toe (arterial insufficiency toe) 5 P's:
Pale coloration
Pain (excruciating)
Paresthesia
Pulselessness
Warm compression and vasodilatory Patch to Proximal area


Arthritides: the six classifications "Round COINS":
Rheumatoid diseases (inflammation of synovium)
Crystal depositions (gout, pseudogout)
Osteoarthritis
Infections
Neuropathy
SLE, mixed scleroderma


Charcot's joints: common disorders "Come See
A Handsome DPM":
Congenital insenisitivity to pain
Syringomyelia/ Spina bifida
Alcoholism
Hansen's disease
Diabetes mellitus
Peripheral nerve injury
Menigomyelocele

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